Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Lim Chu Kang

Description

Lim Chu Kang refers to an area at the northern side of Singapore which is currently rather under-developed. Within this large rustic land, there are agricultural farms, military training grounds, and also Singapore's largest cemeterial area. Singapore's first wetland reserve (the Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve) is also found in the vicinity. Lim Chu Kang used to be a village on the banks of Sungei Kranji in the early 20th Century and lands were deforested to make way for pepper, gambier, and later on, rubber plantations. It was also here that the Japanese army first invaded Singapore during World War II due to its proximity with Peninsular Malaysia.

Lim Chu Kang covers a few different types of habitats due to its past, ranging from mangrove and river habitat, to open country and secondary forest. Due to the lack of human disturbance today and the presence of a variety of habitats, many wildlife thrive in Lim Chu Kang. Some of the birds spotted here include the Jerdon's Baza (Aviceda jerdoni), the Dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis), and the Black-shouldered Kite (Elanus caeruleus). The landscape consists of plants reminding us of its past, ranging from fruit trees and rubber trees to secondary forest plants such as Simpoh Air (Dillenia suffruticosa) and Albizia tree (Paraserianthes falcataria).

Sungei Cina is a river running through the Lim Chu Kang area, with magrove forests growing along its banks. Due to isolation from human disturbance, there are plenty of mature Mudlobster mounds around the area. It is interesting to note also that the mangroves in Lim Chu Kang is also home to an endemic species of crab (found nowhere else in the world). The crab (Raphidopus johnsoni) was first described in 1994 by Japanese scientist Yukio Nakasone.

Getting there

The nearest train station is Kranji MRT Station. From there, one can board the Kranji Express to visit the Sungei Buloh Wetland reserve and various farms within Lim Chu Kang. Other parts of Lim Chu Kang are accessible via other bus services (172, 925, 975, and 405).

References

Ng, P. K. L., K. K. P. Lim & H. T. W. Tan, 2011. Uniquely Singapore: Plants and Animals Known only from the Island. Pp. 26-27. In: Ng, P. K. L., R. T. Corlett & H. T. W. Tan (editors), Singapore Biodiversity. An Encyclopedia of the Natural Environment and Sustainable Development, Editions Didier Millet, Singapore, 552 pp.

Ng, P. K. L. & N. Sivasothi (eds.), 1999. A Guide to the Mangroves of Singapore I, Singapore Science Centre, Singapore, 168 pp.

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