Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Holland Woods


Holland Woods is a forested area located opposite Ngee Ann Polytechnic and is bounded by Clementi Road to the west, the former Keretapi Tanah Melayu (KTM) railway line to the east, King Albert Park to the north and Ulu Pandan Road to the South. This area has also been referred to as Clementi Forest and Clementi Woodlands.

Holland Woods is made up mostly of secondary forest with an estimated 150 species of vascular plants, such as Medang (Litsia elliptica) and Elaeocarpus stipularis. The Ground Orchid (Dienia ophrydis) which had been presumed to be nationally extinct has also been rediscovered in this forest.

Holland Woods has a history of being a plantation of Rubber Trees (Hevea brasiliensis) and although the plantation has been abandoned since the 1940s, the Rubber Trees are still evident in the area. Low densities settlements were developed in the 1960s following the construction of the Jurong Line section of the KTM railway which cuts through Holland Woods. The settlers then brought in fruit trees and other food crops, with remnants of it still found in the forest. This includes the critically endangered Belinjau (Gnetum gnemon var. gnemon), Rambai (Baccaurea motleyana) and Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum); as well as exotic species like the Durian (Durio zibethinus), Jambu (Syzygium jambos) and Tapioca (Manihot esculenta).

Running through the forest, near the southern edge, is a canal that leads to Sungei Ulu Pandan. The sides of this canal are lined with tall grasses, making a good spot to observe a variety of insects, including many species of dragonflies and damselflies, like the Yellow-Barred Flutterer Dragonfly (Rhyothemis phyllis) and the Short-tail Damselfly (Onychargia atrocyana).

Getting there

Holland Woods can be accessed from Clementi Road which is serviced by bus number 52, 61, 74, 75, 151, 154 and 184.

Other Resources

Quek, A. Dragonflies and Damselflies of Singapore. http://singaporeodonata.wordpress.com/. (Accessed November 2012).


Neo, L., A. T. K. Yee, K. Y. Chong and H. T. W. Tan, 2012. The vascular plant flora of abandoned plantations in Singapore I: Clementi Forest. Nature in Singapore, 5: 275–283.

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