Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum
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Squamata

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Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum/Division:Chordata
Class:Reptilia
Order:Squamata

Description

This order includes three sub-orders, two of which are represented in Singapore: the Serpentes (snakes) and the Sauria (lizards).

Snakes have elongated bodies and are limbless. They have no eyelids and ear openings. All snakes are carnivorous and swallow their prey whole. Their jaws are loosely connected to allow them to swallow prey that are bigger than their heads. Some snakes have poison glands connected to their fangs, which are mainly used for immobilising their prey.

Most lizards have limbs although not all of them do. However, the ones found in Singapore do. Lizards, unlike snakes, have well-developed eyelids and  external ears.

Snakes and some lizards have forked tongue to pick up scents from the atmosphere. The tongue will then transfer the scent to  Jacobson’s organ at the roof of their mouth which contain sensory cells connected to the brain.

This is a family of snakes named after their extremely rough and baggy skin. These snakes have a thick-set body, small h…
This family of lizards has a covering of rough scales and often has a crest along its back. They also possess long legs …
This is a large and highly diverse family of snakes. They are distinguished by the large scales on their head.
This is a large family of snakes with fixed hollow fangs in their jaws that are used to inject venom that mainly affects…
This is a family of lizards with large eyes (usually without eyelids), and thin skins with tiny scales. Some species can…
This family comprise of aquatic snakes that live both in fresh and salt waters. Snakes in this family are back-fanged an…
This is a family of largely terrestrial or semi-aquatic snakes, usually with large eyes. Some are egg-layers. Most speci…
This family consists of large, non-venomous snakes with muscular bodies and heat-sensing pits on the upper lips. These p…
This family of lizards has long slender bodies covered in large smooth scales, giving them a shiny appearance. Members o…
This family of burrowing snakes has a cylindrical body, rounded head with tiny eyes concealed under scales, and a short …
This family consists of robustly built lizards like the famous Komodo dragon of Indonesia and their smaller relatives, t…
This family of venomous snakes is characterised by their broad triangular heads. They are generally short snakes with ro…
This family of snakes possesses highly iridescent scales, which reflects a rainbow of colours under sunlight. Hence, the…
   
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