Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum
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Volvocaceae

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Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Chlorophyta
Class:Chlorophyceae
Order:Volvocales
Family:Volvocaceae

Description

This is a family of unicellular to colonial biflagellates. The simplest forms are the unicellular species like Chlamydomonas where the cells are embedded in a gelatinous matrix. In Gonium, the colony is made up of a flat plate of 4–16 cells, each cell with two flagella. Eudorina is a hollow sphere of 16 cells, each with a pair of flagella while the hollow sphere of Pandorina consists of 32–64 cells. Every single cell in the colony can undergo asexual reproduction through mitosis. In the case of Volvox, the colony is made up of vegetative and reproductive cells. Other species are truly multicellular where members have distinguishable male and female members.

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