Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum
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Chlorophyceae

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Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Chlorophyta
Class:Chlorophyceae

Description

Members are unicellular, filamentous or colonial. This is distinguished mainly on the basis of ultrastructural morphology. Members are green due to the dominance of chlorophyll a and chlorophyll b. The chloroplasts are discoid, plate-like, reticulate, cup-shaped, spiral or ribbon-shaped. Most have one or more storage bodies known as pyrenoids in the chloroplast. The cell wall is rigid and consists of an inner layer of cellulose and an outer layer of pectose. Vegetative reproduction is by fragmentation or through spores. Sexual reproduction is by flagellated zoospores and varies from isogamous, anisogamous to oogamous.

Although sometimes found in soil, most members are from fresh and marine waters. Cells are solitary or united into non-f…
Members are filamentous freshwater green algae, inhabiting still waters rather than rivers and streams. The order is wel…
Also known as Chlamydomonadales, members are flagellate or pseudoflagellate green algae. Members can be unicellular with…
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