Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum
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Rallidae

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Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum/Division:Chordata
Class:Aves
Order:Gruiformes
Family:Rallidae

Description

The family Rallidae consists of rails and crakes. Most are secretive birds that live in marshy swamps.Often skulking in the vegetation, rails and crakes are very hard to see. Most of them tend to come out of cover only in the early mornings or evenings, where they forage in the wet vegetation for worms, insects, snails, crustaceans, vegetable matter, etc. They have long legs and long toes. They have short wings and are weak fliers, with their long legs dangling behind when in flight. Despite that, some species are migratory. Most of them walk in a confident manner, with distinctive long strides, and will dash for cover in tall grass when alarmed. Rails tend to have longer, slender bills which allow them to probe into mud whereas crakes have shorter, more conical bills.

Eleven species are recorded in Singapore.

Organisms
Organisms
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