Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum
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Lamiaceae

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Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Lamiales
Family:Lamiaceae

Description

This is the mint family. The members of this family are mostly herbs, a few shrubs and small trees. Many species have distinctive smell (could be minty, foetid or rank). The stems and branches are four-angled. The leaves are opposite and decussate, and could be simple or pinnately or palmately compound. There are no stipules although there is a distinct scar across the mature leaf node (due to the crowding of the leaf pairs at the apex). The margins of the leaflets of many species are toothed. The flowers are bisexual and in inflorescences. There are five petals.

There are over 7,000 species worldwide. In Singapore, 67 species have been recorded.

The family name is derived from an European genus, Lamium, which in Greek, means 'throat'. The old family name is Labiatae, which in  Greek means 'lip-bearing', referring to the flower structure.

Organisms
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