Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum
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Zingiberaceae

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Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Monocots
Order:Zingiberales
Family:Zingiberaceae

Description

The largest family of the order, represented by over 1,200 species. Gingers are tropical perennial herbs and most are found in Southeast Asia. The leaves are lancelate, usualy distichous (arranged alternately in two vertical rows on opposite sides of an axis) and sheathed. The sheathed base of the leaves form a pseudostem. The flower is bisexual and in a head-like or spike-like inflorecence. Flowers are short-lived and often last less than a day. The flower is characterised by the fusion of two sterile stamens (stamenoids) which form a labellum (petaloid lip). There is only one fertile stamen. Two nectaries are located on top of the inferior ovary.

The name Zingiberaceae is derived from the root word, 'Zingiber', which is the Sanskrit word 'sringavera' for 'horn-shaped', referring to the rhizomes.

Organisms
 
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