Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum
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Odonata

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Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum/Division:Arthropoda
Class:Insecta
Order:Odonata

Description

Odonates are insects that include the damselflies and dragonflies. These insects have well-developed compound eyes and are adept at detecting small movements. They possess two pairs of transparent wings that are able to move independently of each other, giving them great manoeuvrability when flying. Odonates are fierce predators of smaller insects, possessing legs that adapt to form a basket to catch prey while flying. They are in turn, important food sources for many predators, especially birds, spiders and robber flies.

The order Odonata comprises the suborders Anisoptera (dragonflies) and Zygoptera (damselflies). Dragonflies are strong fliers with fairly robust bodies, whereas damselflies are weak fliers and their compound eyes are set distinctly apart.

More than 120 species of odonates have been recorded in Singapore. They are mostly found in forests, wasteland, parks and gardens, with at least two species living in mangroves. Four families of at least 79 species of dragonflies and ten families of 44 species of damselflies are recorded in Singapore.

This family includes our largest dragonflies. They have large eyes and long, slender abdomens. The abdomen of the males …
This is a small and primitive family, with only four genera and about a dozen described species worldwide. In Asia, only…
These are large damselflies with body lengths of about 50 to 60 mm. They are characterised by broad, densely reticulated…
Unlike the damselflies of other families, cholorocyphids have stout abdomens which are shorter than their wings. They ha…
Members of this family range from the smallest local damselfly, Agriocnemis nana (hindwing 9 mm), which may well be the …
Corduliids are medium to large dragonflies with brilliant green eyes (brown when immature). The eyes meet broadly along …
Members of this family are medium-sized damselflies with stout and relatively short bodies, generally dark abdomens and …
This family includes medium to large sized dragonflies. The terminal segments of the slender abdomen are expanded into a…
While most damselflies rest withtheir wings folded together, many spreadwings (common name) hold them at an angle away f…
This family includes small to medium sized species, generally with rather broad wings and a robust build.  Their ey…
This family consists of medium-sized, moderately heavily built damselflies which spread their wings flat when at rest. T…
Platycnemididae are small to medium-sized damselflies characterised by a moderately light build, fairly narrow hyaline w…
This family includes rather frail-looking damselflies with narrow hyaline wings, the tip of which is hooked backwards sl…
Members of this family are small, lightly built with narrow hyaline wings. Males especially have very slender abdomens, …
 
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