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Goniophlebium percussum
Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Goniophlebium percussum (Cav.) Wagner & Grether, 2002

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Filicophyta
Class:Pteridopsida
Order:Polypodiales
Family:Polypodiaceae
Genus:Goniophlebium
Species:G. percussum
Status:Vulnerable

Description

The creeping rhizome is 6 mm or more in diameter with the younger portion covered with scales. Scales are pale brown when young, becoming dark with age, 3-4 mm long and the edge toothed. The stipe is about 40 x 0.4 cm, smooth but scaly when young. Fronds 100 cm long, pendulous, pinnate, pinnae 3-5 cm apart and 20 x 2-3.5 cm. Sori are sited in the costal areoles, about 0.2 cm in diameter and sunk in cavities that project as papillae on the upper surface of the lamina.

Read more about the Polypodiales order.
Read more about the Polypodiaceae family.

Distribution

Sumatra to New Guinea.

Localities

On oil palms planted in gardens and along roadsides.

General Biology

This is an epiphytic fern that grows profusely from the old frond bases of mature oil palms (Elaeia guineensis).  It is also found growing from the forks of branches in old trees, occasionally in association with Bird's Nest Fern (Asplenium nidus).

Life Cycle

For an account of the life history of a fern, see Pyrrosia piloselloides.

References

de Winter, W. P. & V. B. Amoroso (eds.), 2003. Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 15(2). Cryptogams: Ferns and fern allies. Prosea Foundation, Borgor, Indonesia. 268 pp.

Holttum, R. E., 1966. A revised flora of Malaya. II Ferns of Malaya. Govt. Printing Office, Singapore (2nd ed.). 653 pp.

Parris, B. S., R. Khew, R. C. K. Chung, L. G. Saw & E. Soepadmo (eds.), 2010. Flora of Peninsular Malaysia. Series I: Ferns and Lycophytes. Vol. 1. Malayan Forest records No. 48. Forest Research Institute of Malaysia, Kepong. 249 pp.

Wee, Y. C., 2005. Ferns of the tropics. Times Editions-Marshall Cavendish, Singapore. 2nd ed. 190 pp.

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