Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Calophyllum ferrugineum Ridley

Species:C. ferrugineum


The species name refers to the rusty red hair that covers the apical buds, twigs and the base of inflorescence. The midrib of leaves are also sometimes rusty. This medium-sized tree has a straight bole that reaches to about 25 m. The bark is greyish  or yellow- to green- brown, at times with faint lenticellated fissures and with clear yellow sticky exudate. The leaf blades are elliptic-oblong with tips that are bluntly acute annd broadly wedge-shaped bases. The leaves are stiff-leathery. A distinctive characteristic is that the number of veins on the upper surface of leaves appear to be twice that of the lower surface. Flowers are slender-stalked and have sepals with hairy margins. No petals. The fruits are oval in shape, about 3 cm long. 

Read more about the Malpighiales order.
Read more about the Calophyllaceae family.


Malay Peninsula, Singapore and Borneo. 


Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve

Locality Map

General Biology

The local variety of C. ferrugineum is commonly found in lowland dipterocarp forests, to about 420 m altitude. In can sometimes be found in seasonally flooded forests as well. Flowering noted in November, December, while fruiting in December, January and April. 


Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

Stevens, P. F. 1980. A revision of the Old World species of Calophyllum (Guttiferae). Journal of the Arnold Arboretum 61, 117–699.

Whitmore, T.C. 1972. Tree Flora of Malaya. Vol. 2. Malayan Forest Records No. 26. Longman, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 165 pp

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