Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Macaranga lowii King ex Hook.f.

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Malpighiales
Family:Euphorbiaceae
Genus:Macaranga
Species:M. lowii
Status:Vulnerable

Description

Macaranga lowii grows up to 20 m tall. Its bark is smooth or shallowly cracked with red latex. The leaves differ distinctly from the other local Macaranga in its slender shape and tapering base. Its timber is also harder. Two small glands can be found at the leaf base. The leaves are thinly leathery, with kneed petiole and are not peltate. Leaf margins are entire and slightly wavy. Stipules are whisker-like. Fruits measure 10 by 5 mm, and are woody and densely spiny when young, becoming less spiny when matured. M. lowii has the greatest geographical range among all the local Macaranga.

Read more about the Malpighiales order.
Read more about the Euphorbiaceae family.

Distribution

China, Vietnam, Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Singpaore, Borneo, Philippines

Localities

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve

General Biology

M. lowii is a shade plant found mainly in the understorey of primary forest, and sometimes also in secondary forests, up to elevation of 1350 m. It strives on well drained, clay-rich and sandy loam soils.

Other Resources

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

Whitmore, T.C. 1972. Tree flora of Malaya. Vol. 2. Malayan Forest Records No. 26. Longman, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 444 pp

Whitmore, T.C., Davies, S.J., Slik, J.W.F., van Welzen P.C. & Takeuchi, W. Malesian Euphorbiaceae Descriptions. 66. Macaranga in Flora Malesiana.  (Editors) Coode M.J.E. & Hoffmann P. http://www.nationaalherbarium.nl/euphorbs/specM/Macaranga.htm

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