Tringa totanus eurhinus (Linnaeus, 1758)
|Common Names:||Common Redshank, Redshank|
|Status:||Common winter visitor and passage migrant|
Past claims of Tringa totanus totanus in Singapore refer to T. t. eurhinus, which differs from the dark morph of the nominate race only by its larger size (Wells, 1999).
Size 27–29 cm
Tringa totanus eurhinus breeds in the Himalayas and Tibet, winters in Peninsular Malaysia, Singapore, Sumatra, North Natuna Island, Java and Bawean Island. The species breeds extensively across Europe to East Siberia. Winters in tropical Africa, the India subcontinent, Sri Lanka, South China, Myanmar, the Greater Sundas, and Bali.
In Singapore, the Common Redshank can be found in Chango, Khatib Bongsu, Kranji, Lim Chu Kang, Lorong Halus, Mandai Mangrove, Pasir Ris, Punggol, Pulau Semakau, Pulau Tekong, Pulau Ubin, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Sungei Seletar.
The Common Redshank is widespread and conspicuous, frequenting mudflats, prawn ponds and mangroves. It is a nervous bird that is easily alarmed, taking off with a piping, whistling call. It forages by pecking the ground and shallow water as it walks briskly along, sometimes even probes, jabs and sweeps its bill.
The Common Redshank feeds on invertebrate prey, such as polychaetes, crabs and molluscs. The prey is often washed before being swallowed.
Small flocks do not return to their breeding grounds during summer and remain in Singapore, seen as late as 24 July.
Wang, L. K., 2011. Sandpipers. Pp. 428–439. In: Ng, P. K. L., R. T. Corlett & H. T. W. Tan (editors). Singapore Biodiversity. An Encyclopedia of the Natural Environment and Sustainable Development. Editions Didier Millet, Singapore. 552 pp.
Wang, L.K. & Hails, C.J., 2007. An annotated checklist of birds of Singapore. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 15: 1–179, Singapore.
Wells, D. R., 1999. The Birds of the Thai-Malay Peninsula. Vol. 1. Non-Passerines. Academic Press. 648 pp.