Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Derris scandens (Roxb.) Benth.

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae
Genus:Derris
Species:D. scandens
Status:Critically endangered

Description

This is a liane of up to 20 m long or scandent shrub with drooping branches. Leaves are alternate, simple pinnate with 7-13 opposite leaflets and a terminal one. Flowers are in short branches, bisexual and whitish or pinkish. Fruits are  narrowly oblong with a broad wing along one side.

Read more about the Fabales order.
Read more about the Fabaceae family.

Distribution

From India to northern Australia; throughout Malesia.

Localities

Pulau Semakau, Pulau Tekong

Human Uses

The pounded roots are used as a fish poison and in India it is used to increase milk production after childbirth. The stem is used as a diuretic, laxative, emmenagogue, expectorant and to treat common cold and backache.

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

Padua, L.S.de, Bunyapraphatasara, N. & Lemmens, R.H.M.J. 1999. Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 12(1). Medicinal and poisonous plants 1. Leiden. 711pp.

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