Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Todiramphus chloris (Boddaert, 1783)

Species:T. chloris
Common Names:Collared Kingfisher, Mangrove Kingfisher, Pekaka Bakau
Status:Common resident


The Collared Kingfisher has greenish blue upperparts and entirely white underparts. A white collar encircles the neck region. Adult males are greenish blue on top of the head while adult females are a little more greenish and duller. Immatures differ in being consistently duller and having the black band bordering the nuchal collar broader. The breast feathers of the immature are narrowly edged with black.

Size 26 cm

Read more about the Coraciiformes order.
Read more about the Alcedinidae family.


Found throughout Singapore and its offshore islands.

General Biology

It has a very loud, harsh cry, 'kree-chah, kree-chah'.


Eats fishes, crustaceans, insects and theor larvae, molluscs including onchidium slugs, frogs, lizards and small snakes. Observed to hammer the shell of hermit crabs against stones in order to get at the succulent occupant (Burknill & Chasen 1927). Large preys are often beaten against a branch to immobilise or kill it before eating. After swallowing, the indigestable parts of the prey are compacted in the gizzard and regurgitated as a pellet.

Life Cycle

The Collared Kingfisher often nests in holes excavated in large termite nests found on the ground or in trees. Scant materials such as wood chips and fragments of insects and egg shells are used to line the nest chamber, in which three eggs are laid. The eggs are chalk-white, fine in texture and are translucent. The mating behaviour has been describes HERE.

Ecological Role

An important predator of mangrove invertebrates and small reptiles.


Bucknill, J. A. S. & F. N. Chasen. 1927. Birds of Singapore and South-east Asia. (Second Edition 1990). Tynron Press, Scotland. 247 pp.

Wang, L. K. 2011. Kingfishers. Pp. 355. In: Ng, P. K. L., R. T. Corlett & H. T. W. Tan (editors). Singapore Biodiversity. An Encyclopedia of the Natural Environment and Sustainable Development. Editions Didier Millet, Singapore. 552 pp.

Wang, L.K. & Hails, C.J. 2007. An annotated checklist of birds of Singapore. Raffles Bulletin of Zoology, Supplement 15: 1–179, Singapore.

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