Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Artocarpus lowii King

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Rosales
Family:Moraceae
Genus:Artocarpus
Species:A. lowii
Status:Critically endangered

Description

Medium-sized tree reaching to 25 m. The bole is grey, with bark smooth to cracked. The leaves, about  11–36 × 4–13 cm, are thinly leathery. The leaves shaped lanceolate to elliptic, tapering to apex and base and shortly pointed. Leaf margin is entire and slightly wavy. Sapling leaves could be entired or trilobed. Latex is oily.

Fruiting head is cylindrical, 6.5 ×  3.5 cm, yellow in colour and covered with pointy warts.

Read more about the Rosales order.
Read more about the Moraceae family.

Distribution

Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Sumatra

Localities

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve

General Biology

Widely distributed in lowland rainforests, although not in abundance. 

Human Uses

The oily latex is used as cooking oil by Malays for frying fish. It is also used as an ointment for sores and cracked skin, like a lip balm. Fruit are candied. 

Other Resources

 

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.
 
Corner, E.J.H., 1988. Wayside Trees of Malaya. Third Edition. Volumes 1-2. Malayan Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur. 861 pp.
 
Keng, H., 1990. The Concise Flora of Singapore: Gymnosperms and Dicotyledons. Singapore University Press, Singapore. 222 pp.
 
Ng, F.S.P. 1978. Tree Flora of Malaya. Vol. 3. Malayan Forest Records No. 26. Longman, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. 339 pp. 

Habitats

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