Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Shorea gratissima Dyer

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Malvales
Family:Dipterocarpaceae
Genus:Shorea
Species:S. gratissima
Status:Critically Endangered

Description

Large emergent with dark grey-brown bole, deep, irregular fissures and short buttresses. Its ovate-lanceolate leaves are relatively small, smooth and shinny on the upper surface. The dammar is clear. The flowers are about 1 cm across. Like other Shorea, S. gratissima has a five-winged nut, with three wings being longer – 7 × 1.3 cm.

Read more about the Malvales order.
Read more about the Dipterocarpaceae family.

Distribution

Peninsular Thailand to Singapore, with only a few confirmed locales in Malay Peninsula, west Sumatra as well as west and east Borneo

Localities

Bukit Timah Nature Reserves, Central Catchment Nature Reserves

Human Uses

S. gratissima belongs to the Meranti Pa’ang Group, a group which is characterized by timber with high silica content, thus rendering it hard to be sawn and used. 

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

 
Symington, C.F., 2004. Foresters' Manual of Dipterocarps. Revised by Ashton, P.S. & Appanah, S., Edited by Barlow, H.S. Caxton Press Ltd, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  
 

Habitats

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