Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Shorea platycarpa Heim

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Malvales
Family:Dipterocarpaceae
Genus:Shorea
Species:S. platycarpa
Status:Critically Endangered

Description

A large emergent tree with coarsely fissured bark and tall, sharp buttresses. Leaves, twigs and stipules are all tomentose, giving the crown a dark colour. The dammar/exudates is at first colourless then turns yellowish.  Like other Shorea, the fruit has three longer outer wing about 6.5 × 1.2 cm and two shorter wings. Again, the entire fruit has sparse soft hair. 

Read more about the Malvales order.
Read more about the Dipterocarpaceae family.

Distribution

Eastern Sumatra, coastward sides of the Malay Peninsula to Singapore

Localities

Central Catchment Nature Reserves

General Biology

It prefers edges of swamps, occasionally found in deep peat swamp or along streams. Locally it is critically endangered due to the rarity of freshwater swamps. 

Human Uses

A species that grows well in forest as well as in plantations for its timber. 

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

 
Symington, C.F., 2004. Foresters' Manual of Dipterocarps. Revised by Ashton, P.S. & Appanah, S., Edited by Barlow, H.S. Caxton Press Ltd, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  
 

Habitats

Related Places

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