Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Hopea mengarawan Miq.

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Malvales
Family:Dipterocarpaceae
Genus:Hopea
Species:H. mengarawan
Common Names:Hopea mengarawan
Status:Critically Endangered

Description

An emergent that grows to moderate girth. Fissured-barked with sharp tall buttresses. Stilt roots may also be present. The bole is deep warm brown. The leaves are leathery, drying yellowish-reddish brown. The flowers are pale yellow. The fruits have two wings about 7 × 1.2 cm long and the nut is often resinous.

Read more about the Malvales order.
Read more about the Dipterocarpaceae family.

Distribution

Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Sumatra, Borneo and nearby islands.

Localities

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserves

General Biology

This is a species that prefers low-lying, swampy land, with occurrences on low hills. 

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.
 
Symington, C.F., 2004. Foresters' Manual of Dipterocarps. Revised by Ashton, P.S. & Appanah, S., Edited by Barlow, H.S. Caxton Press Ltd, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  

Habitats

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