Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Shorea pauciflora King

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Malvales
Family:Dipterocarpaceae
Genus:Shorea
Species:S. pauciflora
Status:Vulnerable

Description

Shorea pauciflora is an emergent tree with distinct scaly bole and purple-red bark, sometimes with large buttresses. The tree has regularly fissured bark that become scaly as it matures. Leaves are smooth, drying reddish brown on the lower surface. The flowers are pale yellow, about 18 mm across. Five winged fruit like the other Shorea, three longer ones about 9 × 1.5 cm.

Read more about the Malvales order.
Read more about the Dipterocarpaceae family.

Distribution

Peninsular Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo

Localities

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve

General Biology

Usually found in lowland forests, on well drained soil, but it is sometimes also found at higher altitudes.

Life Cycle

The flowering and fruiting behaviour is similar to Shorea leprosula, except that the flowering occurs earlier in S. pauciflora

Human Uses

Shorea pauciflora belongs to the dark red meranti, which has good quality timber commercially.

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

Symington, C.F., 2004. Foresters' Manual of Dipterocarps. Revised by Ashton, P.S. & Appanah, S., Edited by Barlow, H.S. Caxton Press Ltd, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  

Habitats

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