Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Shorea parvifolia Dyer

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Malvales
Family:Dipterocarpaceae
Genus:Shorea
Species:S. parvifolia
Status:Endangered

Description

This is a large emergent with short and sharp buttresses. The bark is closely fissured and inner bark is red and stringy. The leaves are small, about 6–12 cm long, ovate-elliptic and tend to fold slightly at the base. The pale-white flowers are about 1 cm across.

Read more about the Malvales order.
Read more about the Dipterocarpaceae family.

Distribution

Peninsular Thailand, Malay Peninsula, Sumatra and Borneo

Localities

Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserves

General Biology

Shorea parvifolia is commonly found on well-drained soil.

Life Cycle

Shorea parvifolia mass flowers at long period intervals and in a staggered fashion with other closely related Shorea species. Locally, it starts to flower midway through the mass flowering period and the blooming last for about three weeks. Pollination is by thrips. The fruits are wind pollinated. The seedlings are shade tolerant. 

Human Uses

Shorea parvifolia has good timber wood and has been grown in plantations due to its fast growth rates as compared to other Shorea species.

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

Symington, C.F., 2004. Foresters' Manual of Dipterocarps. Revised by Ashton, P.S. & Appanah, S., Edited by Barlow, H.S. Caxton Press Ltd, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  

Habitats

Spot any errors? Have any questions? Something to contribute? Email us at dbsthh@nus.edu.sg!
Presented by

NUS      RMBR
Sponsored by

Care-for-Nature