Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Shorea gibbosa Brandis

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Magnoliophyta
Class:Eudicots
Order:Malvales
Family:Dipterocarpaceae
Genus:Shorea
Species:S. gibbosa
Status:Critically Endangered

Description

Shorea gibbosa is a large emergent with greyish-brown bole and large and sharp buttresses. The bark is closely fissured when young, becoming scaly when older. It has white flowers with a tinge of pink, about 1 cm wide. The fruits are winged. The three outer wings (9×1 cm) are slightly hairy. Shorea gibbosa produces dammar (resin) which is black.

Locally, this is the only species of Shorea that belongs to the damar hitam (black) group of Shorea.

Read more about the Malvales order.
Read more about the Dipterocarpaceae family.

Distribution

Malay Peninsula, southeast Sumatra and Borneo

Localities

Changi Boardwalk, Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserves

General Biology

It is found in low-lying and flat forests. Seedlings and saplings of Shorea gibbosa are shade tolerant.

Life Cycle

Mass flowers at long period intervals, like the rest of the Dipterocarp speices.

Human Uses

Shorea gibbosa is harvested for its timber

References

Chong, K. Y., H. T. W. Tan & R. T. Corlett, 2009. A Checklist of the Total Vascular Plant Flora of Singapore: Native, Naturalised and Cultivated Species. Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research, National University of Singapore, Singapore. 273 pp.

Symington, C.F., 2004. Foresters' Manual of Dipterocarps. Revised by Ashton, P.S. & Appanah, S., Edited by Barlow, H.S. Caxton Press Ltd, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.  

Habitats

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