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Caulerpa taxifolia
Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Caulerpa taxifolia (M.Vahl) C. Agardh, 1817

Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum/Division:Chlorophyta
Class:Bryopsidophyceae
Order:Bryopsidales
Family:Caulerpaceae
Genus:Caulerpa
Species:C. taxifolia
Status:Common

Description

This species has characteristic unbranched, narrow, featherlike erect branches. The branches are about 10–30 mm long and are often close together. They are further branched into pinnately arranged ramuli that are distinctly flattened and sickle-shaped. The ramuli are about 6 mm long.

Read more about the Bryopsidales order.
Read more about the Caulerpaceae family.

Distribution

Widely distributed in tropicsl seas, it is also found in some subtropical waters like south-eastern Queensland and the Mediterranean Sea where it has been introduced and considered a pest.

Localities

Changi, Pulau Semakau, St John's Island

Locality Map

General Biology

These algae grow on soft to hard, sandy and rocky substrate in calm to moderately exposed habitats.

Human Uses

The caulerpin found in certain strains of the plant is known to be toxic. The plant is said to have antibacterial, antitubercular and haemagglutinic activities.

References

Prud’homme van Reine, W. F. & G. C. Trona Jr. (eds.) (2002). Plant resources of South-East Asia No. 15(1). Cryptogams: Algae. Prosea Foundation, Borgor, Indonesia. 318 pp.

Teo, L. W. & Y. C. Wee, 1983. Seaweeds of Singapore. Singapore University Press. 123 pp.

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