Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum

Polypedates leucomystax (Gravenhorst, 1829)

Species:P. leucomystax
Common Names:Four-lined Tree Frog


The Four-lined Tree Frog grows to a snout-vent length of 7.5 cm, with the females being considerably larger than the males. It has smooth skin and is brown, grey or yellow on the back, sometimes with four thin blackish stripes. Its limbs are long and slender with expanded flattened tips on its fingers and toes.

Read more about the Anura order.
Read more about the Rhacophoridae family.


It is distributed in southern China and Indochina, the Malay Peninsula, Singapore, Borneo, Sumatra, Java and the Phillippines.


It is found in Bukit Timah Nature Reserve, Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Chinese Garden, Hindhede Nature Park, Lower Pierce Reservoir, Nee Soon Swamp Forest, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Sungei Buloh Wetland Reserve, Upper Seletar Reservoir Park, Western Catchment, Sentosa, Pulau Semakau, Pulau Tekong and Pulau Ubin.

Locality Map

General Biology

The Four-lined Tree Frog is nocturnal and arboreal, inhabiting shrubs and long grass in disturbed forests, as well as in rural and suburban areas, frequently entering buildings. Its call can usually be heard in the evening and it resembles a loud nasal quack.


It feeds on insects and other arthropods, and occasionally small vertebrates like geckos.

Life Cycle

The females lay their eggs in a foam nest built on a wall or among twigs, hanging over a water body into which the tadpoles fall when the nest disintegrates during heavy rain. The tadpoles grow to about 3 cm, have a dark greyish-brown body, white abdomen and a white spot on the top of its snout.

Other Resources

Ecology Asia. 2012. Spotted Tree Frog. http://www.ecologyasia.com/verts/amphibians/four-lined-tree_frog.htm. (Accessed October 2012).


Baker, N. & K.K.P. Lim, 2008. Wild Animals of Singapore. A Photographic Guide to Mammals, Reptiles, Amphibians and Freshwater Fishes. Draco Publishing and Distribution Pte Ltd and Nature Society (Singapore). 180 pp.

Das, I., 2007. A Pocket Guide:  Amphibians and Reptiles of Brunei. Natural History Publications (Borneo) Sdn. Bhd. 200 pp.

Lim, K.K.P. & F.L.K. Lim, 2002. A Guide to the Amphibians & Reptiles of Singapore. Singapore Science Centre. 160 pp.

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