Lee Kong Chian Natural History Museum


This website is created by the Raffles Museum of Biodiversity Research (RMBR) at the National University of Singapore, to provide a searchable digital database of Singapore’s natural heritage, i.e., its flora, fauna and natural habitats. The initial funding for creating the digital nature archive (DNA) is sponsored by the Care-For-Nature Trust Fund of Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. RMBR maintains and update the database, with supports from the National Parks Board.

Our objectives:

  • To provide a free online searchable digital database on natural history, for use by students, educators, general public, conservationists and scientists
  • To sort, catalogue and systematically archive the vast treasury of wildlife images, nature places and people from Singapore through
    • slides and print images
    • digital images
    • historical photographs (e.g. from retired university professors, natural historians, experienced photographers, old local books, etc.)
    • video clips and sound clips
  • Provide information on species status, habitats and general biology
  • Permit student to student transfer of knowledge and information through their involvement in collecting more digital images, thereby ensuring the continued building of the database resource.
  • Make Singapore a centre for nature education using IT.


Featured Organism

Equisetum hyemale

Horsetail, Scouring Rush
The rhizome is underground, giving rise to numerous roots and shoots at the nodes. The aerial stems are about 1 m tall and 0.8 cm diameter, dark green, unbranched, cylindrical, jointed, hollow and with longitudinal ridges. The surface is covered with silica, thus giving the stem the rough texture. The tiny, teeth-like leaves are found at the joints, forming a sheath round the stem. The brown, cone-shaped strobili are developed at the ends of fertile branches which are shorter than the sterile stems. The sporangia are borne at the back of stalked sporangiophores. The spores are round and green, each with 4 elaters. The elaters are hygroscopic, thus changing in shape in response to the moisture in the air. This in turn helps in spore dispersal.



Browse complete information about organisms of various kingdoms, as well as people, places and activities.


Browse complete collection of media files contributed by dedicated researchers and naturalists.

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